Intel Galileo is a type of development Board ,we discussed about Raspberry pi and Arduino this is a different type arduino board developed by Intel .The Intel Galileo Board is the first Arduino board based on Intel architecture. The headers (what you connect jumper cables to on the board) are based off the Arduino 1.0 pinout model that’s found on the Arduino Uno R3 boards. This provides the ability to use compatible shields (modules that you can plug into headers), allowing you to extend the functionality of the board. Like the Uno, it has 14 digital I/O pins, 6 analog inputs, a serial port, and an ICSP header for serial programming.Intel and Arduino’s announcement about the new Galileo board is big news. It’s a Linux-based board that I’ve found to be remarkably compatible with the Arduino ecosystem based on my first few steps with a prerelease version of the board. Here are some of the best features of this groundbreaking collaboration between Intel and Arduino.
Galileo is a microcontroller board based on theIntel® Quark SoC X1000 Application Processor, a 32-bit Intel Pentium-class system on a chip (datasheet). It’s the first board based on Intel® architecture designed to be hardware and software pin-compatible with Arduino shields designed for the Uno R3.Galileo is designed to support shields that operate at either 3.3V or 5V. The core operating voltage of Galileo is 3.3V. However, a jumper on the board enables voltage translation to 5V at the I/O pins. This provides support for 5V Uno shields and is the default behavior. By switching the jumper position, the voltage translation can be disabled to provide 3.3V operation at the I/O pins.
The genuine Intel processor and surrounding native I/O capabilities of the Clanton SoC provides for a fully featured offering for both the maker community and students alike. It will also be useful to professional developers who are looking for a simple and cost effective development environment to the more complex Intel® Atom processor and Intel® Core processor-based designs.
Schematic, Reference Design & Pin Mapping
Galileo is powered via an AC-to-DC adapter, connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug into the board’s power jack. The recommended output rating of the power adapter is 5V at up to 3Amp.
|Input Voltage (recommended)||5V|
|Input Voltage (limits)||5V|
|Digital I/O Pins||14 (of which 6 provide PWM output)|
|Analog Input Pins||6|
|Total DC Output Current on all I/O lines||80 mA|
|DC Current for 3.3V Pin||800 mA|
|DC Current for 5V Pin||800 mA|
Galileo can be programmed with the Arduino software (download). When you are ready to upload the sketch to the board, program Galileo through the USB Client port by selecting “Intel Galileo” as your board in the Arduino IDE. Connect Galileo’s port labelled USB Client (the one closest to the Ethernet) to your computer. For details, see the reference, tutorials and Intel® Galileo Getting Started Guide. Rather than requiring a physical press of the reset button before an upload, Galileo is designed to be reset by software running on a connected computer.